President’s Russia visit eyes global stabilitys talks with his

President Xi Jinping’s upcoming visit to Russia reflects close cooperation between China and Russia,

which is important to maintain the stability of the international community amid rising uncertainties, analysts said.

Xi will make a state visit to Russia from June 5 to 7 and attend the 23rd St. Petersburg

International Economic Forum, Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang announced on Wednesday.

The trip is part of the annual exchange of visits between the two countries’

heads of state, after Russian President Vladimir Putin attended the Second Belt and Road Fo

rum for International Cooperation in Beijing in April and had talks with Xi on the sidelines.

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employment market, based on big data of online recruit

 this year was 1.68, down from 1.91 in the first quarter of 2018. Although the figure was above 1, the balance line, it was the first decline since the beginning of 2018.

About 8.34 million new college graduates and 2 million migrant workers are expected to enter the job market this year. Added to the list of job seekers woul

d be those who lose their jobs because of the industrial structural transformation and special type of job see

kers such as veterans. This means at least 12 million urban jobs have to be created this year.

Still, the employment pressure this year is not overbearing for two re

asons. First, the number of job seekers has not increased considerably from last year.

In fact, the number and ratio of China’s working-age people have both d

eclined for the seventh consecutive year. Over the past seven years, China’s working-age

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RMB’s value determined by market forcesce forex rese

Beijing will not sacrifice forex reserves to defend its currency, analysts say

China would rather rely on market-oriented forces to determine the renminbi’s value than defend its currency by d

ipping into its $3 trillion foreign exchange reserves amid trade disagreements, analysts said.

The United States Treasury announced on Wednesday that it could not label China a

s a “currency manipulator” after Washington monitored the recent performance of the RMB.

No evidence was found to show Chinese monetary authority intervention in foreign exchange markets over the past sev

eral months, according to the US Treasury’s semiannual foreign-exchange report to Congress.

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Development of huge shale oil field goes full steam

This year, PetroChina’s Xinjiang Oilfield Company has been fully develop

ing the Jimsar shale oil field, which boasts 1 billion tons of shale oil reserves, Xinhua reported.

The company has mobilized 36 drilling rigs, started drilling on 47 wells and completed eight wells till now. The daily drille

d footage surpassed 2,000 meters and the total drilled footage reached 160,000 meters.

PetroChina has ramped up exploration efforts on Bohai Bay Basin, Songliao Basin, Ordo

s Basin and Junggar Basin in recent years and shale oil was listed as one of the four exploration goals. Dagang Oilfi

eld, Xinjiang Oilfield, Tuha Oilfield and Changqing Oilfield have been set as important demonstration zones.

Xinjiang Oilfield Company said it planned to mobilize 45 drilling rigs this year to finish drilling nearly 100 wells.

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No evidence was found to show Chinese monetary

 authority intervention in foreign exchange markets over the past se

veral months, according to the US Treasury’s semiannual foreign-exchange report to Congress.

The May report summarized that China’s growth appears to be stabilizing on the back of recently enhanced supportive measures.

The report expanded the number of countries it scrutinizes for curre

ncy manipulation to 21 from 12. Countries with a current account surplus with the US

equivalent to 2 percent of GDP were put on the watch list, compared with 3 percent of GDP before.

China didn’t meet the “currency manipulator” criteria listed by the US Treasury, but Washington will continue asse

ssing the RMB’s performance given China’s large trade surplus with the US, the report said.

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f rice and fertilizer futures, guiding more compan

anies and fund managers entering the market, and assisting in formulating the Futures Law.

“As prices of bulk commodities fluctuated frequently and shar

ply in recent years, the real economy has a huge demand for risk management,” Lu said, str

essing the importance of accelerating the development of the futures market amid uncertainties.

China stepped up efforts to open up the commodity futures mar

ket last year, making three futures contracts available to f

oreign investors so far, including crude oil, iron ore and purified ter

ephthalic acid (PTA), a raw material for making plastics.

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China is the world’s largest producer of rare earths, acco

counting for about 80 percent of global supply. However, the country’s rare-earth industry is faced with such pro

blems as rapidly decreasing inventory, inefficient production and environmental pollution.

Analysts also said that the low prices of China’s exports have failed to reflect the real value of the precious resource.

The division of labor of the global rare-earth industry should be coo

rdinated in accordance with the principle of opening-up and sharing, the NDRC said.

While the country prioritizes the domestic use of rare-earth meta

ls, it is willing to see its exports help drive the development of global industries, it said.

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China’s Qomolangma climbing season runs from April 10 t

At least four deaths have been blamed on crowding during the climbs, Agence France-Presse reported.

People should be well prepared to handle Qomolangma’s traffic jams which are common phenomena along climbing paths, said alpinists who had reached the summit.

“Although the news about the jam on Qomolangma this year has gone viral, people should understand that it happens every year during the brief cl

imbing window. Knowing what to do when climbers jam the narrow paths should be incl

uded in their training well in advance,” said Ma Liyamu, who reached the top of Qomolangma, the world’s ta

llest mountain at 8,848 meters, on May 22 and was also held up by the crowds on her descent.

She is the leader of a mountaineering team of three Chinese women w

ho scaled Qomolangma. They launched their expedition from Nepal, which issued 381 cli

mbing permits for the season that concludes this week. Nepal’s permits this season cost $11,000 each.

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During the team’s 40-day intensive training in Nepal, the

heir Sherpa guides had taught them how to maintain healthy blood circulation and remain safe in crowded conditions, she said.

This spring, 144 foreign and 12 Chinese climbers have also attempted to con

quer Qomolangma from Tibet, according to the Tibet Mountaineering Association. “D

espite having a smaller number of climbers, traffic jams also happened on the Tibetan side,” Ma said.

“Crowds are usual on some mountains. It’s not a new phenomenon. Climbers often lose their live

s when they don’t follow the instructions of Sherpa guides and make decisions on their own,” Kami Ri

ta, an experienced Sherpa who has reached Qomolangma’s summit 24 times, told Xinhua News Agency.

Sherpas are aware of every twist and turn and which paths to follow up mountains, so he urged the Nepali government to dis

courage mountaineers from climbing mountains without guides in order to prevent casualties.

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Addressing the plenary session of the Fourth Eastern Eco

n Economic Forum in Vladivostok, Russia, in September, Xi called for regional memb

ers to actively align their development strategies and work together for an open regional economy.

Wu Hongwei, a researcher of China-Russia relations at the Chin

ese Academy of Social Sciences, said bilateral cooperation plays a prominent role in guar

anteeing world peace and security at a time when the global situation is clouded by tensions and turmoil.

The two countries share the same position in promoting a mo

re stable and multipolar world, Wu said, adding that they

have sent such signals through supporting and coordinating with each other on international occasions.

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